3. Mental Health
The loss of income that results from unemployment could lead to a decline in the standard of living of the individual or household. Income losses might force the unemployed to reduce their living standards drastically which, of course, could influence both the physical and mental health of unemployed workers. Unemployed could lead to anxiety about the length of income loss and the risk of a future drop in standard of living. After unemployment, symptoms of somatization, depression, and anxiety were significantly greater in the unemployed than employed. Large standard deviations on self-esteem scores in the unemployed group suggested that some men coped better than others with job-loss stress.